Redesigning the land use planning system
The digitalisation of land use planning forms a part of the general digitalisation process taking place in the construction sector. It is integrally linked to the comprehensive reform of the Land Use and Building Act, which will lay the groundwork for digital ways of working in the sector. Information that is comparable and up-to-date, as well as easily and quickly available, is needed to make land use planning as smooth as possible. Making decisions and reviews readily accessible to everyone will pave the way for better cooperation between the public and the private sectors. An open and efficient planning system allows us to work towards creating a better living environment.
What kind of problem is this project trying to solve?
Land use decisions and plans made by various authorities – such as permits, regulations, rights of use, construction bans and land use planning information – are currently fragmented, and some of them exist only as paper documents. Information on decisions has been compiled into various databases but the systems are mostly used internally by the authorities. The information is difficult to utilise in other processes and systems, and transferring it is cumbersome and time-consuming. The fact that information is not well organised and is segregated is slowing down digitalisation in the planning of land use, creating extra costs for taxpayers as a result of duplicate work.
What is done in this project portfolio?
KIRA-digi enhances planning in order to increase the efficiency of operating models and information content, as well as their interoperability with various systems. The goal is to create open interfaces through which information on land use is made available to the public.
Alongside KIRA-digi, more specific definitions are being created in the Maankäyttöpäätökset (Land Use Decisions) sub-project, which is part of the Paikkatietoalusta (Geospatial Platform) project, which in turn aims to harmonise geospatial data held by the state, the regions and the municipalities. Information on land use includes legal decisions by the authorities, as well as information on land use plans, master plans and regional plans, permits, bans and the planning process. The aim is to determine joint criteria that comply with international standards and governance principles for these key decisions, as well as a cooperation model to make them available to everyone.
Information models for digital land use planning are being tested in KIRA-digi’s experimental projects in Helsinki, Tampere and other locations.